MultiMap: Preserving Disk Locality for Multidimensional Datasets

IEEE 23rd International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE 2007) Istanbul, Turkey, April 2007. Supercedes Carnegie Mellon University Parallel Data Lab Technical Report CMU-PDL-05-102. March 2005.

Minglong Shao*, Steven W. Schlosser†, Stratos Papadomanolakis*, Jiri Schindler‡,
Anastassia Ailamaki*, Gregory R. Ganger*

* Carnegie Mellon University
†Intel Research Pittsburgh
‡ Network Appliance, Inc.


MultiMap is an algorithm for mapping multidimensional datasets so as to preserve the data’s spatial locality on disks. Without revealing disk-specific details to applications, MultiMap exploits modern disk characteristics to provide full streaming bandwidth for one (primary) dimension and maximally efficient non-sequential access (i.e., minimal seek and no rotational latency) for the other dimensions. This is in contrast to existing approaches, which either severely penalize non-primary dimensions or fail to provide full streaming bandwidth for any dimension. Experimental evaluation of a prototype implementation demonstrates MultiMap’s superior performance for range and beam queries. On average,MultiMap reduces total I/O time by over 50% when compared to traditional linearized layouts and by over 30%when compared to space-filling curve approaches such as Z-ordering and Hilbert curves. For scans of the primary dimension, MultiMap and traditional linearized layouts provide almost two orders of magnitude higher throughput than space-filling curve approaches.

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