Lazy Verification in Fault-Tolerant Distributed Storage Systems
Proceedings 24th IEEE Symposium on Reliable Distributed Systems (SRDS 2005), October 26-28, 2005, Orlando, Florida.
Michael Abd-El-Malek, Gregory R. Ganger, Garth R. Goodson*, Michael K. Reiter, Jay J. Wylie
Parallel Data Laboratory
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
Verification of write operations is a crucial component of Byzantine fault-tolerant consistency protocols for storage. Lazy verification shifts this work out of the critical path of client operations. This shift enables the system to amortize verification effort over multiple operations, to perform verification during otherwise idle time, and to have only a subset of storage-nodes perform verification. This paper introduces lazy verification and describes implementation techniques for exploiting its potential. Measurements of lazy verification in a Byzantine fault-tolerant distributed storage system show that the cost of verification can be hidden from both the client read and write operation in workloads with idle periods. Furthermore, in workloads without idle periods, lazy verification amortizes the cost of verification over many versions and so provides a factor of four higher write bandwidth when compared to performing verification during each write operation.
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